Berry, Jean de France, duke of


Berry, Jean de France, duke of
(1340-1416)
   art patron, royal personage
   A Capetian prince, Jean de France, duke of Berry, was born in Vincennes, the third son of jean II le BoN and Bonne de Luxembourg, and the brother of charles v. He was one of the guardians of his nephew, charles vi, and served as governor of Languedoc (1388). Removed from office because of the "Marmousets"—the grotesque church sculptures carved in derision of the king's advisers (1388)—he regained his authority when Charles VI went mad. An ostentatious patron of the arts, Jean de France commissioned from andré beauneveu the Psaulter de Jean de Berry, then from jacquemart de hesdin the Très Belles Heures and the Grands Heures, and from the limbourg brothers the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry, one of the most beautiful illuminated manuscripts of its time.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Berry, Jean de France, duke de — I born Nov. 30, 1340, Vincennes, France died June 15, 1416, Paris French nobleman and patron of the arts. He was the son of King John II. As duke de Berry and Auvergne, he controlled at least one third of France during the middle period of the… …   Universalium

  • Berry, Jean de France, duc de — ▪ French prince (duke of) born Nov. 30, 1340, Vincennes, Fr. died June 15, 1416, Paris       third son of King John II the Good of France and a leading patron of the arts; he controlled at least one third of the territory of France during the… …   Universalium

  • France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… …   Universalium

  • duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n., v., duked, duking. n. 1. (in Continental Europe) the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state. 2. a British nobleman holding the highest hereditary title outside the royal family, ranking immediately below a… …   Universalium

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